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Recommendations for a socially responsible heat transition in Berlin How ambitious energy refurbishments can protect the climate and tenants

The reduction of heat demand through energy-efficient building refurbishment and the switch to renewable energies and waste heat in the heat supply are the two central components of the transition of the heating sector in Berlin. The implementation of these climate protection measures is accompanied by considerable investments, but also benefits, for example through reduced heating costs after a refurbishment. Tenants fear additional burdens due to energy-efficient refurbishments when the modernisation costs are allocated. Low-income households in particular can be heavily burdened by this. Especially in view of the strained situation in Berlin's housing market, this is problematic. 
How should energy-efficient refurbishments be evaluated financially from the tenants' point of view? What effects do they have, especially for low-income households? And what possibilities are there for political actors in Berlin to support the socially acceptable implementation of energy-efficient refurbishments? This policy brief shows how ambitious energy retrofits can protect the climate and the tenants.

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